The September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States spawned a number of catchphrases, terms, and slogans, many of which continue to be used more than a decade after the event.
Various terms and catchphrases Edit
- Nine-eleven (or 9/11) in the US date notation for September 11. The practice of referring to ominous dates through this shorthand has continued, for example, with 7/7 for the 2005 London bombings.
- "Let's roll" – reported to have been uttered by Flight 93 passenger Todd Beamer shortly before he and fellow passengers apparently rushed the cockpit.
- FPCON Delta – the highest state of terrorist alert issued by the U.S. Armed Forces
- WTC jumper – reference to people leaping from the towers.
- The Bathtub – the excavated foundations of the World Trade Center. Although not a new term, it gained prominence during rescue, cleanup and ongoing reconstruction efforts.
- The Pile – the rubble of the collapsed World Trade Center.
- Pre 9/11 and Post 9/11 – Terms used to describe the period of time and the state of the world before and after the attack. They are often used to denote foreign policy and domestic security measures as they existed before or after the attacks.
Media slogans Edit
Various slogans and captions were employed by media outlets to brand coverage of the September 11th terrorist attack, its after effects, and the U.S. government response. The slogans for American media were typically positioned on the bottom third of television broadcasts, or as banners across the top of newspaper pages. Designs typically incorporated a patriotic red, white, and blue motif, along with an explicit graphic of the American flag. Examples include:
- "America Attacked", "A Nation United" (ABC)
- "Attack on America" (NBC)
- "A Nation Challenged", "Day of Terror", "Portraits of Grief" (The New York Times)
- "America's New War", "War Against Terror", "America under Attack" (CNN)
- "War on Terror" (Fox News)
- "America on Alert", "America under Attack" (MSNBC)
- "The Second Pearl Harbor" (Honolulu Advertiser)
- "War On America" (The Daily Telegraph)
US government Edit
- War on Terrorism (also Global War on Terror) refers to the political response from the U. S. Government to the attacks of 9/11 and includes the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, the color-coded national threat condition reporting system, the Patriot Act, and the prison camp in Guantánamo Bay, Cuba.
- Enduring Freedom – name for US-led military response in Afghanistan, Philippines, Horn of Africa, and Trans Sahara.
- Infinite Justice – original name for US-led military response, dropped after religious overtones were pointed out by a reporter at a press briefing
- ↑ http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=nine-eleven
- ↑ http://history.librarypoint.org/taxonomy/term/3023
- ↑ www.911forum.org.
- ↑ http://9-11commission.gov/
- ↑ http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/series/9-11-the-10th-anniversary
- ↑ Let's roll (Note: Wikipedia is not ordinarily used as a reference; however this article is well-referenced and its references support the statement here.)
- ↑ http://911research.wtc7.net/wtc/arch/foundation.html
- ↑ http://gizmodo.com/5837791/how-new-york-city-built-a-massive-underground-transit-station-in-the-wtcs-footprints
- ↑ http://abcnews.go.com/US/story?id=91609&page=1
- ↑ http://www.nytimes.com/2001/11/11/magazine/the-way-we-live-now-11-11-01-on-language-ground-zero.html
- ↑ http://www.policeone.com/police-heroes/articles/125496-Ex-NYPD-officers-remember-the-pile/